Boston: Women who use hormone therapy before the age of 65 could cut their risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease or dementia, according to research presented to this month’s meeting of the American Academy of Neurology in Boston.
A recent study found women who used any form of estrogen hormone therapy before the age of 65 were nearly 50% less likely to develop Alzheimer’s disease or dementia than women who did not use hormone therapy before age 65.
The study was part of the Women’s Health Initiative Memory Study, which is a sub-study of the Women’s Health Initiative (WHI), one of the largest U.S. prevention studies of postmenopausal women.
The study looked at prior hormone use in 7,153 healthy women ages 65-79 before they enrolled in the WHI Memory Study. Researchers followed the women’s cognitive health over an average of five years.
In that time, 106 of the women developed Alzheimer’s disease or dementia. Dementia is a general term referring to the progressive decline in a person’s cognitive function. Dementia can affect memory, attention, language and problem solving abilities. Alzheimer’s is the most common type of dementia.
Prior studies have shown that hormone therapy started during the WHI Memory Study increased a woman’s chance of dementia. The reduced risk of dementia was seen only with prior hormone therapy, used before study enrollment. Reduced risk was not affected by other examined factors.
Study author, Victor W Henderson MD, of Stanford University in Palo Alto, CA and a Fellow of the American Academy of Neurology said: “We found that it didn’t matter how old the woman was when she started hormone therapy, how long or recently she took it or what kind of prior therapy she used.”
Women who began estrogen-only therapy after the age of 65 had roughly a 50% increased risk of developing dementia. The risk jumped to nearly double for women using estrogen-plus-progestin hormone therapy.
“Further studies are needed to support these findings and learn more about how hormone therapy affects the long-term cognitive health of women who begin use before age 65,” said Henderson.